Cyprus History - Cyprus Journey: Kıbrıs Otelleri ile Kıbrıs Tatil Fırsatları

Cyprus History

Cyprus History

10.09.2020

Representative of the Historical Heritage, Northern Cyprus

Cyprus, the only island of the Eastern Mediterranean, has been frequented by seafarers for centuries, so it represents historical riches and a huge heritage from history. From Assyrians to Egyptians, from Iranians to Romans, the island has hosted each of these civilizations and they have left unique artifacts. Cities and trade centres that enabled the establishment of international relations from the early period to the middle period of the Bronze Age emerged. Then the Middle Eastern countries settled on the island, and the region that developed and strengthened commercially after King Evagoras overthrew the Iranian civilization became the Salamis Region. And this strengthening continued until the Hellenistic period and the Roman period.

 

Alliance on the Island Lasted until 1960

After the Roman Empire, the region started to regress, and the island, which started to gain power again with the control of the Byzantines, gained its old magnificent times with all its cities in a short time. After the Byzantines, who controlled the island for 500 years, Richart the Lionheart, the Lusignans, the Venetians and eventually the Ottomans ruled. In the 19th century, the Suez canal was opened to protect the trade route to India, and over time, the British became very interested in the island, which gained strategic importance with new roads, pipelines, agricultural irrigation routes and railways. Alliance and development continued on the island until 1960, when Cyprus declared its independence.

 

Northern Cyprus declared its independence in 1974

Many events lasted until Cyprus separated and declared different independences, namely South and North. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus separated in 1974 and declared its independence. From the crusaders' castles to wartime museums, from religious sites to monuments, renaissance architecture and French gothic architecture, Armenian monasteries, Latin churches, mosques and cathedrals are all ready to be discovered in Northern Cyprus as fascinating historical and religious heritage that attract the whole world. Iskele Archeology Museum, which opened in 2018, hosts many artifacts from 8 different periods starting from the Neolithic period to Rome. The Othello tower, which was built as a castle surrounded by moats to protect the Famagusta port and was the main entrance of the city at the time of its construction, greets its guests with all its splendor.

 

Best Preserved Heritage of Ottoman Architecture

Surrounding the view of the Mediterranean and Northern Cyprus, the Saint Hilarion Castle is located on the way to Nicosia. And it is best preserved in the Kyrenia mountain range, like the Kantara and Bufavento castles. Vouni Palace, a small town grouped on the steep slopes of a conical hill, has followed the Soli City Kingdom near Lefke for over a hundred years. The caravanserai, which is called the Büyük Han by the locals and is one of the most beautiful buildings of the island, is the best preserved heritage of Ottoman architecture. If the magnificent walls of the Kyrenia castle were to speak, what legends would they tell? Who knows. Kyrenia Castle was first built by the Byzantines on the ruins of the Roman fort in the 7th century to protect the city from Arab sailors.

 

A Unique Atmosphere

One of the window openings to the past of humanity, Salamis Ancient City is sufficient to describe the ancient city period, which shows the development of humanity in the past time. The oldest settlement of Cyprus, Petra, Tou, Limnidi island, known as the Yeşilırmak rock, viewed from the Voini Palace, were unearthed together with the works of art from the polished stone age. The beautiful village of Bella Pais and its magnificent monastery, located at the foot of the five-finger mountains rising in the South of Kyrenia, tells about the past lived among quiet paths and whitewashed houses. The Bella Pais monastery, where peace is fully experienced and defying time, and the restaurants and bars surrounding the old port of Kyrenia in the shape of a horseshoe with the meaning of its name continue to serve their customers in a unique atmosphere.

 

History Continues to Preserve All Its Glory

Located in Nicosia and estimated to have been built towards the end of the 17th century, the Kumarcılar Inn is smaller and more modest compared to the Büyük Han, but continues to preserve itself as a classical commercial Ottoman inn in the city. The Bedesten or Bedestan, which is one of the most important buildings in Nicosia, telling about the cultures, civilizations and ancient lives and reflecting other histories of the city, is located in Selimiye in Nicosia. The building between Selimiye Mosque and Bandabulya preserves its glory as a historical monument.