Northern Cyprus History - Cyprus Journey

Cyprus History

Cyprus, the lonely island of the Eastern Mediterranean, has been frequented by sailors for centuries, so it is the representative of historical riches and a great heritage from history.

Thu, 10 Sep

Representative of Historical Heritage Northern Cyprus

The island has hosted every civilization from the Assyrians to the Egyptians, from the Iranians to the Romans, and every civilization has left unique artifacts. From the early Bronze Age to the middle period, cities and trade centers emerged that enabled the establishment of international relations. Then, Middle Eastern countries settled on the island, and after King Evagoras' overthrow of the Iranian civilization, the region that developed and strengthened commercially became the Salamis Region. And this strengthening continued until the Hellenistic and Roman periods.

Representative of Historical Heritage, Northern Cyprus

Alliance on the Island Lasted Until 1960

After the transition to the Roman Empire, the region started to regress, and the island, which started to gain power with the transfer of control to the Byzantines, soon regained its old glorious times with all its cities. After the Byzantines, who held the control of the island for 500 years, Richard the Lionheart, Lusignans, Venetians and finally the Ottomans established dominance. In the 19th century, the Suez Canal was opened to protect the trade route to India, and over time, the British became very interested in the island, which gained strategic importance with new roads, pipelines, agricultural irrigation routes and railways. Alliance and development continued on the island until 1960, when Cyprus declared its independence.

In 1974 Northern Cyprus Declared Its Independence

Many events lasted until Cyprus broke up and declared its independence as South and North. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus broke up in 1974 and declared its independence. From the castles used by the crusaders to the wartime museums, from religious places to monuments, structures with renaissance architecture and French gothic architecture, Armenian monasteries, Latin churches, mosques, cathedrals are ready to be discovered in Northern Cyprus as fascinating historical and religious heritage that attracts the whole world. Iskele Archeology Museum, which was opened in 2018, hosts many artifacts from 8 different periods, starting from the Neolithic period and extending to Rome. The Othello tower, which was built as a fortress surrounded by moats to protect the port of Famagusta and was the main entrance of the city at the time it was built, greets its guests with all its splendor.

1974 Northern Cyprus Declared Its Independence

The Best Preserved Heritage of Ottoman Architecture

Saint Hilarion Castle, which surrounds the Mediterranean and Northern Cyprus landscape, is located on the high of the Kyrenia mountain range, and is on the way to Nicosia. And in the Kyrenia mountain range it is best preserved, as are the castles of Kantara and Bufavento. Vouni Palace, a small town grouped on the steep slopes of a conical hill, has followed the Soli City Kingdom near Lefke for over a hundred years. The caravanserai, which is called the Büyük Han by the people and is one of the most beautiful structures on the island, is the best preserved heritage of Ottoman architecture. If the magnificent walls of Kyrenia castle were to be spoken, who knows what legends they would tell. The castle of Kyrenia was first built by the Byzantines, probably on the ruins of the Roman fortress, in the 7th century to protect the city from Arab sailors.

A Unique Atmosphere

One of the windows opening to the past of humanity, The Ancient City of Salamis is enough to describe the ancient city period that showed the development of human beings in the past. Petra, the oldest settlement of Cyprus, known as the Yeşilırmak reef and viewed from the Voini Palace, and the island of Limnidi were unearthed together with works of art from the polished stone age. The beautiful village of Bella Pais and its magnificent monastery, located at the foot of the five finger mountains rising in the South of Kyrenia, tell the past among quiet paths and whitewashed houses. Bella Pais monastery, where peace is truly experienced and defies time, restaurants and bars surrounding the horseshoe-shaped old port of Kyrenia, which carries the meaning of its name, continue to serve its customers in a unique atmosphere.

History Remains in All Its Glory

The Kumarcılar Han, which is located in Nicosia and is estimated to have been built towards the end of the 17th century, is smaller and more modest compared to the Büyük Han, but it continues to protect itself as a classical commercial Ottoman inn in the city. Bedesten or Bedesten, which is one of the most important buildings in Nicosia, which tells about cultures, civilizations and old times and reflects other histories of the city, is located in Selimiye in Nicosia. The building between Selimiye Mosque and Bandabulya preserves its splendor as a historical monument.

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